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Top 10 Weapons That Changed the History of Warfare


Top 10 Weapons That Changed the History of
Warfare The historical development of civilization
cannot be understood without also understanding the history of bloodshed. In fact, the shift in paradigms and institutions
have only taken place with the utilization of weapons of war to behead kings and dethrone
emperors. The development of weapons has been critical
to the advancement of societies and the fates of peoples and governments. And while devices like the guillotine have
had great symbolic value in their role in the French Revolution, we at Top Tenz are
more interested in weapons that changed the historical landscape. Armaments that changed the way battles were
fought or change the battlefield all together. Here are 10 weapons that forever changed history. 10. The First Weapon of Man: a Bone Who can forget that iconic shot in Stanley
Kubrick’s 2001: A Space Odyssey, where man’s earliest ancestors toss a bone, high into
the sky? The bone would transition seamlessly into
a spaceship, highlighting how man’s first tool would lead to one of his greatest inventions. (And in case you have forgotten, we’ve provided
the clip above) The use of materials provided by nature would
be instrumental in early humans’ ability to expand out of Africa and do battle with
competitors like sister species like the Neanderthals. One of the major advantages that early humans
had over their competitors was their development of stone arrow tips. Early humans’ technological innovation enabled
them to attack wild animals or human foes from a greater distance and with greater success. According to Curtis Marean, project director
at Arizona State University, “People who possess light armaments that can be thrown
long distances have immediate advantages in hunting prey and killing competitors” Scientists have determined that the blades
were made from a rock called silcrete. Early humans demonstrated similar traits as
their descendants, demonstrating patience and thoughtfulness as they heated stone tools
in the fire to transform them into their sharp edges. The thin stone flakes were then made into
smaller tips which were placed onto bones to make a spear or dart. And of course, it all came from early man’s
realization that bones, and soon enough other blunt objects, could give them an advantage
in survival. 9. Sword of the Greatest Ancient Empire: the
Gladius When people think of great empires, the first
that comes into most people’s mind is Rome. An empire that stretched, at its height under
Trajan, to three continents and 5 million square kilometers. It ruled over an estimated 70 million people
which was, at the time, 21% of the entire world population. Conquering such great stretches of land and
so many groups of people didn’t happen by accident. It happened at the end of a sword; specifically,
a glaudius. The gladius sword design was the result of
years of evolution and military experience. The origin of the sword is disputed but many
have come to believe that the Romans came upon the design after their excursions in
the Iberian peninsula during the Punic Wars. For years, Roman soldiers had similar swords
but the benefits of the gladius were hard to deny. Roman scholars argue that the practicality
of the gladius was one of its major advantages. In comparison to the earlier sword designs,
which were solid weapons but hard to produce, the gladius used only natural materials and
thus were easily made. Previous sword designs like the the xiphos
(a leaf blade) and the kopis (a forward curving blade) were complex and time consuming to
produce. The gladius was everything they were not. Simple. A straight, double-edged sword that could
arm every Roman soldier. The gladius was extremely effective in close
combat with stab wounds in the abdominal area proving, more often than not, to be deadly. Just like any weapon, gladius’s utility
would wane but its eventual shifts would lead to later era weapons like the arming sword
and the long sword. 8. Should it be Named the “English” Longbow? An ongoing theme on our list is the ability
for warring nations to observe and appropriate the technological advancements of their opponents. Like the Romans, the English people have come
to be synonymous with empire. The famous phrase that “the sun never sets
on the English Empire” accurately describes the breadth of English dominance in the 19th
century. However, the history books rarely share what
knowledge the ruling nations received from nations they conquered. The English Longbow is a prime example of
this misappropriation. In the early 12th Century, during a skirmish
between the Welsh and the English, the Longbow was was used against an English soldier. After word spread in the ranks of its great
power, Edward I adopted the weapon for the rest of the English campaign in Wales. Ironically, a weapon used to fend off the
British became the cornerstone of their military supremacy and conquest. The English Longbow led to many changes in
the nature of medieval warfare. As a result of the longbow, England reshaped
its army, utilizing archers in great numbers. During the Hundred Years War with France,
longbowmen were the most important part of the English army, with the archers outnumbering
the Men-at-Arms by as much as 10:1. It’s hard not to see why. At the time, the armored knight was the most
destructive force on the battlefield, but the longbow changed that. Accounts hold that the longbow could be fired
at nearly 200 yards out and could penetrate the thickest of trees. A prime example of the English military superiority
with their utilization of the longbow is the Battle of Crecy. In the English’s first major victory over
the French in the Hundred Years War, modern estimates put the number of French at around
30,000, while the English had less than half that number. However, it’s believed 5,000 of the English
soldiers were longbowmen. The battle ended with the French losing more
than 4,000 combatants. The English? Modern estimates put their losses at only
around 200-300. 7. Gunpowder: a World-Changing Eastern Innovation After first coming to great use as a psychological
weapon in the Chinese’s war against the Mongols, gunpowder would eventually lead to
a revolution in military technology around the world. In the 9th century, Chinese alchemists invented
gunpowder by mixing elemental sulfur, charcoal, and saltpeter (potassium nitrate). The end result was a powder that was named
“serpentine.” It was an extremely dangerous process that
led to many adding water, wine, or other liquids to minimize the threat of fire. Finally, after being mixed with the respective
liquid, it could be pushed through a screen to make small pellets. The Taoists who initially formulated gunpowder
were unable to find the immortality they craved and would ironically fuel man’s quest to
show how truly mortal we are. Initial uses of gunpowder ranged from killing
insects to treating skin diseases, but it soon would be channelled for military purposes. Fire arrows were the first real military uses
of gunpowder, with the technology quickly transitioning to rocket propelled weapons. Historians are unsure how exactly it spread
to Western Europe, with some arguing that its introduction came during the Mongol invasions. Whatever its origin, its impact would prove
to be immeasurable. Gunpowder quickly displaced siege weapons,
giving birth to the cannon, including the Chinese “hand cannon” pictured above. Storming an enemy base or stronghold would
prove to be far less difficult with the ability to project missiles toward enemy emplacements,
with increased damage and accuracy. Gunpowder also made the longbow a relic of
the past as the use of the cannon took less skill and had greater destructive power. 6. The Gun of the Wild West: the Colt Revolver America’s inventiveness in weaponry would
not take long, and the Colt Revolver proved to be symbolic of American Wild West. As Americans pushed to settle West, they encountered
all sorts of obstacles and the Colt’s simplicity and multi-shot capacity made it an invaluable
weapon for soldiers and civilians alike. The Colt revolver has become revered as “the
gun that won the West.” The Colt pistol was invented in 1836, by Samuel
Colt, who founded a company to manufacture the revolving cylinder pistol. However, the business struggled for years
until the Mexican-American War led to the army ordering 1,000 Colt revolvers. The military contract gave Colt the ability
to expand his business, creating the world’s largest private armament factory. The Colt pistol would also serve as a major
benefit to the Union Army during the Civil War – as Samuel Colt would only sell to
the North. 5. The AK-47: the Weapon That Leveled the Battlefield Who knew that a gun that was sneered at by
U.S intelligence officers would be a weapon that would allow Davids to fight Goliaths? Its inception came during the the 1950s, when
Soviet weapon designer Mikhail Kalashnikov decided to mix the best attributes of the
American M1 and the German StG44. After some initial production difficulties,
in 1949, the Avtomat Kalashnikova was officially accepted by the Soviet Armed forces and became
the weapon of choice for the majority of states in the Warsaw Pact. With the Cold War looming, the Kremlin urged
Eastern Bloc states to mass produce the AK-47 and the oversupply led to the weapon being
obtained by revolutionary movements around the world. The AK-47’s appeal was its reliability in
adverse conditions, readily available parts and ammunition, along with a cheap price based
on its overproduction. Even today the AK-47 is probably the most
recognizable assault rifle in the world and has come to arm soldiers, guerilla fighters,
child soldiers, and the like. 4. Chlorine Gas: a Weapon Used by the Most Barbaric One of the most shocking moments of the ongoing
humanitarian crisis in Syria was the Assad regime’s use of chemical weapons. Bodies of women and children, left dead indiscriminately
in their homes. The use of chemical weapons has been determined
as a war crime, but that has not stopped its use. During World War I, the Nobel-prize winning
scientist Fritz Haber helped develop the first chemical weapon, chlorine gas. Initially Haber had discovered the Haber-Bosch
process, which made the manufacture of artificial fertilizers possible, an invention that has
saved the lives of farmers and millions of people in rural communities. His work would also take lives as Haber, a
patriotic German Jew, would be placed in charge of chemical warfare department. He would oversee the the installation of the
first chlorine gas cylinders in the trenches on the Western front. Under his direction, a group of specialist
troops waited for the wind to blow from the east towards the Allied trenches and then
launched the first gas attack in combat history in April 1915. More than 5,000 soldiers were killed by the
chemical agent. Haber’s work would have unintended consequences
as his wife would go on to commit suicide, presumably after an argument about his work. And, perhaps most tragically, Haber, a German
Jew, would witness the rise of Nazi Germany and gassing of Jews by the very agent he helped
weaponize. 3. Fokker Triplane: Helped Lead to a War of the
Sky While we have been primarily focused on warfare
on land, the Fokker Triplane began the battle of the skies. Despite losing the war, the Germans developed
one of the greatest innovations of the war: the Fokker. The Fokker Triplane was an adapted copy of
the British Sopwith Triplane. After a pilot crashed behind German lines,
German scientists studied the plane and were able to create an improved version. Hey, we told you that technological innovation
often comes from appropriation. Despite being slower than a biplane in level
flight or a dive, it had superior maneuverability and rate of climb. One of the reasons for the plane’s great
legacy is its connection to its famous pilot: Manfred von Richthofen, better known as the
“Red Baron.” He scored 19 of his final 21 kills in the
Fokker, before being shot down and killed in April, 1918. 2. The Drone Changed Warfare Forever One of the only silver linings in war is that
human beings are made to understand the preciousness of life, and forced to confront our willingness
to engage in such carnage. Drone warfare has completely changed that
perspective. Soldiers thousands of miles away, sitting
at computer screens, now have the power to end lives. And while proponents of the technology claim
that the weapon is extremely precise, in reality, drones have accounted for the deaths of hundreds
(if not thousands) of civilians. The Predator drone was invented by Abraham
Karem, an aerospace engineer, who was raised in Israel. After moving to the United States, Karem founded
Leading Systems Inc. in his home garage, where he he manufactured first drone: Albatross. His first effort would be improved, resulting
in the more sophisticated Amber – the precursor to the Predator drone. The Economist has called Karem the man who
“created the robotic plane that transformed the way modern warfare is waged and continues
to pioneer other airborne innovations.” 1. The Most Destructive Weapon Ever Created:
the Nuke While all the weapons on our list have proved
to have devastating effects, only atomic and hydrogen bombs have the capacity to completely
annihilate the human race. The atomic bomb was developed by a collaboration
of scientists who were provided refuge in the United States. The development of a nuclear bomb began out
of fear. In 1939, a rumor was circulating among the
world’s scientific community that German physicists had discovered the secret to splitting
the uranium atom. Notable scientists Albert Einstein and Enrico
Fermi, who had both escaped Axis powers, were now living in the United States, and both
men urged American leadership to take note of the dangers to the world if the Axis nations
harnessed the power of the atom. With their insistence, in late 1941 an American
effort to design and build an atomic bomb began. It was named the Manhattan Project… and
we all know the end result. On August 6 and August 9, 1945, the United
States dropped two bombs: one on Hiroshima, and the other on Nagasaki. The blasts killed at least 129,000 people,
mostly civilians. It remains the only use of nuclear weapons
in the history of warfare… though plenty of nations, unfortunately, have their fingers
poised above the button.

100 thoughts on “Top 10 Weapons That Changed the History of Warfare

  1. I believe it highly likely that Assad did NOT gas his own people. Much of it has been proven staged/fake, just like most of the "terrorist"/"ISIS" events around the world.

    Most "conspiracy theories" come from playing the tape at half speed and using your critical thinking. (This is why people have legitimate concerns about what really happened on 9/11 or when we landed on the moon or how JFK was killed).

    Watch the gas attacks and aftermath again and notice how the people "helping" are not wearing the appropriate protective gear for a gas attack, not even wearing masks or gloves. 🙄 And pictures and longer videos of the "victims" and "helpers" have come out, with them smiling and posing for the camera at the scene, presumably after shooting.

    The weapon being used most right now across the world is PROPAGANDA, and what amazing propaganda it is, where people hear a few sources on MSM say it, and thus they believe it to be true, not realizing the CIA is deeply involved in our "free press."

    Seems like most people aren't even comprehending the fact that Obama, HRC, Clinton Foundation, the DOJ and State Department, etc, were funding and training "ISIS." We are not the good guys, just FYI.

    And they aren't yoga emails. Hillary and Huma's secret accounts are exposing mountains of criminal activity, including by those responsible for prosecuting Hillary. #PizzaGate is real.

  2. Simon, just a clarification… Re: The Bone in 2001. Perhaps Kubrick's greatest failure in telling a story. Everyone thinks it transitions into a space ship. It actually transitions to a Nuclear Weapon in orbit around Earth. Freeze frame or read the book. So it's first weapon to last weapon. Much more powerful message, and almost no one realised.

  3. Something I know about the Manhattan Project. Many of the people working there were hired because they couldn't speak English. Considering the top-secret nature of what the scientists and engineers were doing whenever they wanted to move documents from one department to another they would hand them to a Hispanic courier who, not knowing English, had no idea what they were holding. This to weed out not only foreign spies but also journalists who might want to win a big scoop.

  4. First of, where are Tanks and Submarines and Warships??? And second, gunpowder is not a weapon, it is a fuel of the weapons. Fireworks is not possible with out of gunpowder but it is not a weapon…

  5. The Fokker Triplane was developed and built by Fokker, founded by the Dutch aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer Anthony Fokker. The company started operations in 1912 in Schwerin, Germany, moving to the Netherlands in 1919. So yes, it was a German plane but developed by a Dutch dude.

  6. In ww1 the Germans claimed that shot guns were too brutal meanwhile using poison gas at least the shot gun kills quickly poisons are slow and painful.

  7. What about rifling inside the barrel of a gun, making them more accurate and at much longer range…that changed the face of warfare.

  8. Guessing before it starts
    10; the spear
    9; the bow (long)
    8; horses
    7; steel/iron swords
    6; gun powder
    5; the maxim gun
    4; the mouser
    3; the tank
    2; planes
    1; Atomic/Hydrogen bomb

  9. The mount (horse or elephant), should be listed since calvary ruled the battle field for millennia. Additionally demagoguery was arguably the primary weapon used in most wars.

  10. Assad's alleged use. More than likely it was the rebels who used them as a false flag. Think about it, why would Assad use them on a non strategic target knowing the use of them would only cause him problems. The rebels are known to possess the stuff.

  11. Love the videos!! Haber pioneered the use of Chlorine gas but you said he would live to see the Nazis use it on the Jews however they first used carbon monoxide then zyklon b which generated hydrogen cyanide just something I picked up on thanks

  12. Chlorine Gas should not be there, yes it was used in WW1 but it didnt have any real affect on the outcome and chemical weapons have not really taken off. chlorine gas should be substituted by Aircraft Carriers

  13. Ummm Simon… It has never been established that Assad used chemical weapons on his people, and that's a fact. The only people promoting that idea are from the deep state. Are you representing their narrative? I ask because I've noticed other videos where you seem to promote that evil agenda. And this is a compliment… I thought you were smarter than that.

  14. Really great content, guys.
    Well-done.
    You are my favorite channel (along w sister channel, "Today I found out").
    So much of Youtube is "same-y".

  15. The Fire Lance, was the First real Firearm of the world. Putting pottery shells and shards into a pot attached to a stick and lit a fuse which ignited the powder inside the pot and fire the projectiles outward. You can say it would also be the first "Sawed off" Shotgun. lol

  16. Wow that's trippy, that means the first and second atomic bombs that were dropped were yesterday and tomorrow. It's far as anniversary go.

  17. 10:43 Oh dear….oh dear…… Richthofen scored 80 kills not 29……everyone know that!! And you could argue that the Fokker MONOPLANE, being the first fighter to fire through the propeller was far more significant.

  18. hand cannon, how has this not made it into the ttrpg item lists? that thing looks like it would be dream material just waiting to happen.

  19. Today is August 9th here in India and it blew my mind seeing how the world was shaken to its core on this day in the past!!
    edit: I was really disappointed by this video because there was no mention of warships, jets, spears, armor and tanks and most importantly switchs. yes you could say that switchs are not weapons but they keep tabs on most and most dangerous weapons

  20. Simon, You do know that Assad had nothing to do with any chemical attack?! It was a false flag operation, and there are irrefutable evidence about it. You are clearly watching the wrong news. I suggest to seek information from the unbias and independent sources that are currently in Syria.

  21. That isn't a Colt in the photo is it?
    Colt was not the only pistol available and pre-approval designs were everywhere in the South.

  22. Here is my list:

    1. The bow: Developed thousands of years ago and didn't go out of service until a few hundred years ago.

    2. The spear: Simple, cheap, easy to use and the center of many formations (Phalanx, Schiltrom, Pike and Shot etc.). The lance of shock cavalry can also be considered a form of spear.

    3. The gun: Both cannons and handheld guns slowly changed the face of warfare. First used mostly to scare the enemy, to later formations being centered around the gun, to warfare eventually being almost entirely fought with guns.

    4. Artillery: The first long range large calibre cannons sparked the idea that you could fire at an enemy without being able to directly see them. Getting information about the enemies presence from frontline troops, these guns could rain death upon the enemy from relative safety. Artillery has since been a major player in warfare, being responsible for about 3 in 4 deaths in the first world war and a large amount of deaths in all later conflicts until the strike bomber became a more prominent weapon.

    5. The machine gun: Like the revolver and the gatling gun, this weapon is only special because it fires fast. The development of guns that can fire multiple bullets with one trigger pull rather than several for the revolver and rather than turning a handcrank for the gatling gun, sparked a new quest to develop more portable self-loading firearms.

    6. Airplane: Weaponized aircraft were initially negligable in warfare, but has since fought the artillery to make its way to becoming the most prefered form of support for ground troops.

    7. Tank: The idea of advancing safely through enemy fire has been attempted since the first siege towers and shield formations. The tank, first used to advance over no-man's-land in the first world war, has pushed that role further, becoming a break-through weapon. Although used in many different ways (Assault guns, Anti-aircraft platforms, scout tanks, flamethrower tanks) the tank has always been a weapon to either support infantry or to push through the enemies defences where needed.

    8. Stg44/Fedorov avtomat: The assault rifle, defined as a select-fire weapon with a detachable box magazine, firing intermediate sized cartridges was first realized in the form of the Federov Avtomat and first mass-produced in the Stürmgewehr 44. Although self-loading rifles were somewhat common, even some capable of full-auto fire, the realization that almost all combat happened within 300 meters, and that a scaled down version of the full sized rifle cartridge was perfectly sufficient at this range, spurred the development of a more lightweight and practical firearm. Being accurate in semi-auto fire, having near the firepower of a machinegun in full-auto and being small and light enough to be used indoors as efficiently as a sub-machine gun, this new "stürmgewehr", german for "storm-rifle"or "storm-gun" was a jack of all trades and gave every man wielding one a massive advantage. Upon discovering the practicality of such a weapon, the Soviet union quickly designed the AK-47, borrowing from the stürmgewehr and the SVT-40. The United States was a little slower, since they already had every man carrying a self-loading rifle, carbine or sub-machine gun, but eventually developed the AR-15 and AR-10, the first of which has been the basis of the standard american rifle even until this day.

    9. Nuclear bomb: This weapon's power speaks for itself. The first weapon that does not harness either mechanical force of muscles or chemical energy of gunpowder, the nuclear bomb draws its energy from atoms of uranium and plutonium. Later versions use nuclear fusion of hydrogen isotopes to increase power even further. Destroying matter to create massive amounts of energy, the dream of this weapon drove Hitler to invade Norway and Denmark in operation Weserübung and when eventually built, the nuke drove the second world war to a close. Remarkably only two nuclear weapons have ever been used in war, but the continuing fear of the massive power of these weapons have driven the world to refrain from large scale war for more than 70 years. Knowing that a major attack on a nuclear weapon wielding power would mean the annihilation of your own country, the show of force of mankinds greatest killing machine has actually driven humanity towards peace. Peace because of fear of utter destruction, but peace none the less.

    10. ICBM: The first ICBM (Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile) is arguably the V2 rocket. Used by the nazies and designed to hit London and later Antwerp, this rocket could throw a 1 ton bomb 320 kilometers from its launch site. This was not nearly as cost effective as bombing the enemy from airplanes however, since the rocket could not be reused. After the second world war, cheif designer of the V2, Wernher von Braun was taken to the United states and continued the development of rockets. The Soviet union similarly used captured german rocket scientists to aid their development of rockets. Developing rockets for both scientific and wartime purposes, the rocket eventually reached its full potential when a nuclear bomb was used as a warhead. With the power of nuclear bombs, the loss of the entire rocket now seemed an acceptable loss. As technology progressed, rockets could carry heavier and heavier bombs, faster, further and more precisely. A bomber aircraft was now too slow and too easy to shoot down, compared to rockets, so throwing nukes was now almost entirely done with rockets. Modern ICBMs can carry a dozen bombs, target them to individual targets, they carry dummy balloons to confuse radars and anti-ICBM rockets, can hit the entire world and do so in less than an hour. Truly the capacity of mankind to destroy eachother has reached a point in which it is no longer practical to make weapons more destructive.

    Honourable mentions:
    The horse carriage
    The sling (Used in ancient times by fast skirmishers to annoy and sometimes kill enemies in tight formations)
    Greek fire
    The dagger (most practical weapon to take down knights in plate armour)
    The cartridge
    The submarine
    The landmine
    Rifling and the proper use of rifling (See Whitworth rifle) sparking the development of sniper tactics
    The revolver and lever action rifles
    The grenade
    Nitrated explosives (TNT, nitroglycerin, gun-cotton, plastic explosives)
    Shaped charges that cuts through metal with molten copper jets
    The portable recoilless anti-tank weapon

  23. No mention of the rifling in guns or the machine gun! Both transformed warfare. No thumbs up for this one. I do love this channel though, so keep cranking out your videos!

  24. One correction please…
    The Syrian Government was not responsible for the Gas attacks you mention.
    Twice accused 2013/2017 and twice proven innocent.
    The gas weapons used were from Libya, shipped to US backed rebels in Syria via Turkey.
    Just sayin'

  25. When a superpower use CULTURE to win a war…
    Lesser nations willingly succumb to pop culture. And the vanquished don't even have any idea that they are done for.
    That said, culture should be #1 on the list.

  26. 1) You missed the only weapon that was actively used on the battlefield from prehistoric times up until the first world war: the spear/pike and the spear wielded from horseback aka the lance; the spear is far more important in the history of warfare than the bow.
    2) The longbow was a typical English and to a lesser extent a Dutch weapon, if it really was that effective in terms of investment vs. strength on the battlefield, every European country would have adopted it (like the lance).

  27. I really like your videos and have followed the channel for a while now. But I must say that you did not do well with your facts in this video, namely the facts about Colt and the AK-47. A rare fail by the channel in my opinion.

  28. Great video. It worked out perfectly for me, because I had seen 5 of them and absolutely agreed with your assessment, pretty much guaranteeing that the 5 I have not seen will be (at the very least) very good movies and well worth watching. Quite often "movie night" can be hit or miss, but now I have several that I anticipate to be sure things. Thank you.

  29. Drone attacks have their place but when the US uses them in wars that are basically about oil then that's worse than terrorism.

  30. … I am not sure I'd rate the Fokker triplane quite that high… It wasn't the first combat aircraft. The Fokker DR1 eindecker preceded it, and it also had a big effect on Allied moral. The Camel destroyed more enemy planes than any other, in that war, and the Fokker D7 had all allied pilots terrified at the end of it. It was by far the best fighter of the war, although it was a bit a slow.
    If you wanted to pick a fighter plane that changed the world, I could nominate three, but all from WW2. The ME-262 was a world changer. That showed even a primitive early axial flow BMW made turbojet, in an advanced and sophisticated airframe, would be a hundred mph faster than the best allied aircraft and give away nothing to them in handling or cornering or agility. It completely changed the way the world thought about fighter planes.
    The P-51D with long range tank (internal) and a drop tank or two, along with the Packard Merlin engine, would fly and fight and turn and climb with the best. It had exceptional pilot visibility, it had an almost perfect compromise between agility and stability. It was not quite an easy aeroplane to fly, but by the standards of the day, it was better than most. And it had speed. But most of all, it had range. It could fly escort to B-17 daylight bombers missions, from England to Berlin and back, and still allow about 10 minutes of extreme emergency full throttle & boost over Berlin. But neither of those changed world history.
    In 1940, the Hurricane could and did take on and destroy anything the Germans sent over, with one exception. The Bf-109 was simply a better fighter than a Hurricane. Any reasonably fair contest between the two would result in an enormous advantage to the Messerschmidt. That's what you needed Spitfires for…
    The fate of the world hung on the outcome of WW2.
    The course of WW2 hung on the Battle of Britain.
    The result of the Battle hung on the effectiveness of the Spitfire.
    We would live in a very different world if Ralph Mitchel had not adapted the Supermarine S6B seaplane (Schnieder Trophy winner) to have an enclosed cockpit, retractable undercarriage, and a variable pitch propeller.
    The Spitfire changed the outcome of WW2. And it is also one of the most strikingly beautiful objects ever made by man…
    I'd rate the Spitfire WAY above the Fokker Triplane…

  31. The gladious might have been easy to produce but greek swords (kopis and ziphos) were more than superb in chopping while having the same thrusting potential with the gladious.

  32. Ooohhh come on Simon man your research is normally so spot on…How can you pump out that proven lie that it was the government in Syria that used gas the UN has shown outright it was the rebels an the US just wanted to blame Assad to get him out.

    Don't get me wrong I don't like the Syrian regime at all I just want the truth out n about. Especially as both the elections in the country and Russian intervention in Syria an Crimea are heavily observed for legality and have never been questioned even with 90%s anmmm

    Tl;dr big fan, little disappointed over shoddy research, UN shows gas used by rebels not regime like mercan propaganda wants to make out. Regime gets huge legitimate voting results around 90%.

  33. Old Scot fighter pilot: "One Fokker came out of the clouds, the other came from below" Simon: "I should explain that the Fokker is a German fighter plane." Scot Pilot: "Naye these fokkers were Messerschmitts!!"

  34. What about Triremes? Uboats(or submarines in general)? Aircraft carriers?
    BALLISTIC MISSLES. Nukes are worthless if you can't deploy them. Come on bruhhh

  35. The use of the English or Welsh longbow in battle came with an added, but delayed advantage to the English. A common practice of the longbow men was to take all of their available arrows out of whatever they carried them in and to shove them, sharp end down, into the ground. The arrow heads were thus contaminated with all sorts of microbes and bacteria in the soil. However the real peril to the enemy was the fact that there could be thousands of longbow men milling around in an area that none of them could leave, for hours on end, waiting for the battle to begin. The result of this was thousands of men urinating and defecating anywhere they could and the arrows heads becoming even more contaminated with fecal matter.

    In the case of the Battle of Agincourt, exact numbers of combatants can only be guessed at, since no accurate records exist, but the fact is that the English were heavily outnumbered, yet, because of the longbow men, they prevailed. Again, because no accurate records exist, there is no way of knowing for sure, the number of dead, especially French dead, after the battle. I have read, however that some historians think that, even without knowing the number of French dead on the battlefield itself, the number of dead would have significantly risen from death by infection from even the slightest of arrow wounds well after the battle was over. With none of our modern antibiotics around back then, an arrow wound would be a death sentence.

    I suppose we could think of the longbow men as being the very best of the artillery of those times, but it also pretty easy to say that ( unknowingly ), they also engaged in germ warfare.

  36. An older video I know, but while the Colt Revolver may be a symbol of the "winning" of the west, most research points to the Henry and later versions of the repeating rifle as the most used and effective weapon during that time. The sword gets the same treatment in Europe and Japan. They get all the attention but the bow and spear were unilaterally more important to the actual warfare, swords being a sidearm and a weapon of last resort for military action.

  37. Samuel Colt first made revolving shotguns, carbines,and rifles. The Colt Number 2 Ring Lever revolving rifle is one example. The Colt Model 1839 Carbine was only one of the conversions to pistol. The shotguns were 20 gauge!! The sawed off shotgun goes back almost 200 years.Lengths are from 9" to 10-7/16". Also there's the 1855 Colt Revolving 10 gauge and the .56-50 rifle, each with with six rounds in the cylinder!!

  38. The AK-47 was the original Stamped receiver gun the Russians had problems with the quality of the stampings and went to a milled receiver gun. After the Russians figured out their stamping problems by 1959 the gun produced was called the AKM, m for modernized. So all but the oldest surviving guns are AKM's and can be distinguished by the their different stamping indentation above the magazine.

  39. The Fokker triplane? Quickly supplanted by later planes. It would be as forgotten as the Sopwith triplane except for the fact that Richtoven flew one for a while.

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