Articles, Blog

Japanese Army 35mm Type 10 Flare Pistol


hi guys thanks for tuning in to another video on Forgotten weapons calm I’m Ian McCallum and I’m here today at the Rock Island auction company taking a look at some of the guns that are going to be selling in their upcoming December of 2017 premiere auction specifically today we are taking a look at a Japanese type 10 flare pistol this is a single barrel flare pistol uses a 35 millimeter flare relatively large and this was the primary flare pistol for the Imperial Japanese Army during World War two in fact it was originally developed in 1921 it is designated the type 10 because 1921 was the tenth year of the Taisho era named after a specific emperor japanese nomenclature is a bit odd in that they transitioned from that nomenclature to a calendar year nomenclature during the 1930s or 1920s so at any rate it is a type 10 this is really this is the second most common type of Japanese World War two period flare gun they made about eighty three hundred of these in total and this one is actually interesting for being a relatively late war production piece and it comes with a particularly rare late war rubberized canvas holster so let’s take a closer look at both of these mechanically speaking this is a really simple piece of equipment we have a latch on the top which opens the barrel there is a little flat spring right down here that’s going to push the barrel up as soon as you pop the latch the latch itself is this oval lug right here that locks into this recess on the top of the barrel and that’s that’s all that there is holding it together while flare pistols have very large bore diameters they’re typically quite low pressure cartridges there is an extractor right here and that is mechanically pushed out by the lug here in the pivot section when you get to the very end of the opening so right there pushes the extractor out to get a start taking out that empty case and then there’s a hole for the firing pin in the breech face that’s pretty much all there is to it the firing ISM is double action only hence no hammer spur now what what’s kind of interesting about this is how similar it is to the Japanese type 26 revolver so here’s one of the revolvers this has the early grips later on they would actually go to they had a revolver grip just like this sort of serrated flare gun grip but note the shape of the grip the shape of the back of the frame the lanyard rings are very similar and then the Hammers of course are very similar they’re both double action only it clearly huddled the flare pistol after the revolver in fact one of the steps for disassembly of the revolver is actually to push the trigger guard forward and unlatch it from this hook right here and so there’s a knurled section on the back of the trigger guard to give you a good grip for doing that the flare pistol does not disassemble that way but it still has this hook at the back of the trigger guard and these serrations that you really don’t need because like I said it doesn’t disassemble that way to take out the trigger guard you actually just remove this screw and the trigger guard comes off and it doesn’t isn’t relevant for disassembly in any other way but for whatever reason they decided to copy that styling or set of features from the revolver pretty basic set of markings here we have serial number just over six thousand this is the Arsenal mark these were originally made at the Tokyo Army Arsenal they were moved to one of the Kura factories in 1935 and then moved to a different cooker Factory in 1944 these three symbols right here read type 10 the designation of the dis model a pistol and these are specifically army flare guns the type tens the Japanese Army and Navy didn’t interchange a lot of equipment and the Navy had its own flare pistols and ammunition a standard holster for the type 10 is actually leather and the vast majority of network that were made were however this is a relatively late word gun dating to probably nineteen forty-four and at that point they started coming up with some substitutes and this is a rubberized canvas holster which is actually a really interesting piece all on its own not in great shape but the pouch here would have been for a screwdriver tool for disassembly of the flare gun that screwdriver is not there there’s a little bit of damage up here but what’s interesting is that there’s still a set of stamp numbers or characters here inside the flap of the holster and I believe that’s a ten and then a nine which would make this Showa 19 which is a that would be 1944 so that would match where the serial number probably suggest that the flare pistol was made and 1944 would fit with a rubberized canvas substitute type holster like this so definitely a really cool accessory to have with the pistol itself and a good demonstration of what the Japanese were doing for holsters at the end of the war the same thing would take place with regular pistol holsters there were standard patterns at the beginning and towards the end of the war as manufacturing constraints got tighter they adapted some substitute models so I know a lot of people aren’t particularly interested perhaps in flare guns but they’re a distinct and interesting subtype of military small arms so having had the chance to take a look at this particular one especially with that rather rare old style or late style of holster I didn’t want to miss the opportunity if you happen to be a collector of Japanese flare pistols or flare pistols in general and would like to add this one to your own collection take a look at the description text below the video you’ll find a link there to rock island’s catalog page on this piece with their price estimate their description their photos all of that good stuff and if you would like to you can place a bid right through their website thanks for watching you

61 thoughts on “Japanese Army 35mm Type 10 Flare Pistol

  1. So whoever designed this gun was basically as knowledgeable about takedown features as a independent craftsman in rural china! It seems like the late war Japanese military would want to save on money and tooling, so why would they not simply use the frame of an existing revolver?

  2. One day, one day, I'm bidding on one of these gun auctions.

    Probably on one of the less expensive auctions, though. Unless I become a millionaire, in which case, all bets are off.

  3. I think that character you think is ten is actually just a dirty stain, because I don't think the Japanese will ever use western calender on their equipments at that time. I look up where kokura arsenal was and supposedly it was moved to Kyushu(九州)in 1935. I reckon that 9 character is there to show where it was made, whick can also explain the other character which I thought was 木(wood), but it might also be the first character for Honshu(本州). Just my two cents tough.

  4. Maybe they just re-purposed excess/lower quality revolver parts for flare guns, hence a certain degree of unification in frame/other details?

  5. I really like the chance to look at the support equipment of military forces as it is this very equipment that was a day to day part of military actions, be it victory or loss. 'For want of a nail' as the old saying goes is very true.

  6. that knurling reminds me of the chinese mystery pistols that copied functional elements of other guns without actually needing those elements.

  7. Does the trigger guard swivel forward if it's unlatched? If so, then it may be so it can fired while wearing mittens or heavy gloves, rather than for disassembly.

  8. I don't really care about flare pistols, Japanese or otherwise. But I love your enthusiasm in the video and I couldn't help but watch the whole thing.

  9. Out of curiosity, if there'd been more standardization between the Navy and Army (ammo, for instance) do you think things would've gone differently?

  10. You are the most impartial if I could use this word, historian youtuber out there. It's real pleasure to see someone only leaning towards to objective truth not towards his preferences and proclivities. Amazing job mate! I love your videos because you're not just another American gun nut. Respect and kind regards from Poland

  11. Thank you sir for one of the most interesting Youtube channels. You combine two of my favorite interests: History and Firearms. Thank you for your research and entertaining presentation.

  12. Flare pistols are pretty interesting. I loved the hand mortars you examined in an earlier video. This is just a modernized iteration of that idea. Line Throwing Guns, Flare Pistols, and Kampfpistoles, represent attempts to improve tactical coordination, rather than a general effort to confer extra firepower on an already loaded down squad, platoon, or company. Sure, the 27mm KP did experiment with the multirole application paradigm (and an AntiTank Grenade was made for the weapon), but it did it extremely badly overall. A 27mm-35mm Grenade that can be fired from a hand held weapon is not likely to penetrate much armor (even the HEAT round developed for it).

  13. In the early 2000s the 37 mm flare launchers got pretty big here and the so called bird bombs were a lot of fun until the ATF got enough complaints, some people like me a lot of other young guys that were firing them around town around so they reclassified the bird bombs which were used to scare off birds from runaways as a agricultural device and you need a permit to get those explosive rounds now but you can still get them or make them on your own. it was a pretty cool fad…

  14. I wonder if maybe Japanese military procurement switched from era dating to Imperial Calendar dating after Emperor Taishō's death because his era was so short. It was only 14 years, shorter than the expected service lifespans of some pieces of equipment (especially those adopted toward the end). Probably hard to know for sure, but it's a thought.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *