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Firearms #2: How to Make Sure Your Firearm is Unloaded


Hey, Lee Santo out of the TEEX firearms
range here again we continue our series talking about weapon safety and proper
handling of firearms we’re gonna go today we’re going to cover several types
of different weapons systems and how to check them to see if they’re loaded or
unloaded I’ve got out here on the table in front of me I’ll pick them up as I
talk about each one of them I had a depiction of a revolver a semi-automatic
handgun a semi-automatic rifle and a punk shotgun I’m using these because
they’re very common for what we do in our training environment out here but
they’re also very commonly owned civilian weapons the first one I’m going
to talk about is a double action revolver now it’s important to know
before I handle any of my firearms where the mechanisms are that control them and
allow me to check them open them to see if they’re loaded or unloaded again we
follow our four safety rules the number one rule being treat all
farms as if they’re loaded all the time number two is not pointing the muzzle
anything we’re not willing to destroy number three is keeping our finger off
the trigger until our sights are on target we shoot and number four is be
sure of our target and beyond so we got to keep those four rules in mind when
we’re handling any firearm so the first one I’m going to look at is a double
action revolver I want to before I pick it up I make sure there’s nothing there
then I’m going to point the muzzle app that I’m not willing to destroy alright
so I still treat it like it’s loaded and keeping my finger off the trigger now
this particular weapon system has a cylinder that holds the ammunition and I
want to be able to open this so that I can look inside any either loaded or
unloaded but right now what we’re doing is making sure that these weapons are
unloaded so if I’m looking at this gun and I’m just going to turn it over
I got a latch on the side of the frame here that I push forward to be able to
open cylinder once I push that latch forward
I push on the opposite side of the cylinder and it rotates out of the
weapon and now I can see when I’m looking down the cylinder that there’s
no round in the chamber there’s no rounds in the cylinder and
that the weapons unloaded so I want to keep this weapon rendered safe for the
moment I’m gonna leave this cylinder open so
that I know so I don’t have to pick it up and open it again so in that manner
I’ll leave the cylinder open but I’m still worried about where the muzzle of
this thing’s pointing so I’ll set it down and out of the way another and
that’s a very commonly carried type of weapon revolvers have been around for a
long long time and there’s a lot of them out there this one works one way
revolver you or somebody else my own might work a little bit differently but
you get the idea with that double action revolver that there’s a way to open the
cylinder mechanism and check it to see whether it’s loaded or unloaded and if I
want to unload it I can do it that way at the time so I’m gonna leave that
sitting there open another the most commonly used type weapon system today
particularly in law enforcement it’s a semi-automatic handgun
so with semi-automatic handguns I need to know a little bit about where some of
the controls on them so I can check them to see if they’re unloaded the big
difference between the revolver I was just demonstrating in the semi-automatic
handgun is the semi-automatic handgun has a box that holds all of the
cartridges into the gun and it’s called a magazine and I need to know how to
remove that from the weapon because that’s what feeds it that’s where the
ammunition comes from that keeps it firing so again being aware of where the
muzzle is pointed and keeping my finger off the trigger
I’m gonna pick up this weapon and check it to make sure it’s unloaded now
semi-automatic handgun again has that box that holds all the cartridges called
a magazine I need to be able to remove it there is some mechanism on a
semi-automatic handgun that I can push that allows me to remove
and some of them most semi-automatic handguns it’s in about the same place
but not all so you need to be familiar with what type of weapon you’re using to
be able to remove it on this particular one the magazine release button is
located on what would be the left side of the weapon right in back of the
trigger guard and all I have to do is press that button it releases the
magazine and I can remove the magazine from the weapon now looking at this
magazine I can see that it’s unloaded alright the thing I want to do with that
is set it to the side and out of the way okay now again on this gun there’s
something I need to be aware of there is a lever on the side of it that’s called
a slide lock lever the slide lock lever allows me to lock the slide open so that
I can check to make sure the muzzle is clear what I have to do is push up on
that lever and pull back on the slide at the same time so what I’m going to do
here is use my finger to push up on it while I pull the slide to the rear and
then you can see that it causes the slide the lock open once the slide is
locked open it allows me to see down into the chamber where the back end of
the barrel would be and make sure there’s no cartridge in there once I’ve
looked in there to make sure again magazine is removed the slide is locked
open I look and see that there’s no round in the chamber and then I’m gonna
run my finger down there and do a physical inspection to make sure that
this weapon is unloaded at this time so now I’m I know it’s unloaded I can leave
it in this manner right here so that I don’t have to pick it up and run the
slide back again so I’m just going to set that down and out of the way for the
moment here another commonly used weapon both in law enforcement and in the
civilian world is a pump shotgun a lot of people grew up
with pump shotguns they use them for hunting ducks and geese and different
birds and law-enforcement it’s also one of the weapons we train people to use so
I’ve got a depiction of that here today this is a pump shotgun that we commonly
use for training out here at teks and again finger off the trigger muzzle
pointed a safe direction all right there’s some mechanisms on here that I
need to be aware of the first one here is the safety the safety button is at
the back of the trigger guard I want to make sure that that’s sticking out to
the right I run my hand behind the trigger guard and make sure it’s pressed
out if it’s pushed in and the and it’s protruding from the left side the safety
and on so I want to make sure the safety is on now I need to know where the
controls are on my pump shotgun that allow me to open this up and check the
chamber and make sure it’s unloaded right before I do that though it loads
from the bottom into a magazine tube okay so I can turn that over and look at
that pushing the load and get out of the way and check and make sure there’s no
rounds inside that magazine – so once I’m sure of that
then I need to know where the lever is that allows me to open this without
having to manipulate the trigger on this particular shotgun that slide release is
located right at the front of the trigger guard on the left side so I’m
going to press that and as I press it I’m going to retract the slide all the
way back and leave it once I do that it opens up the weapon so that I can see
into it again and look into the back of the barrel the chamber and make sure
there’s no round in that chamber and then once again I can take my finger
and run it inside there and make sure there’s no round there and then
double-check the magazine too to make sure that I have no rounds in it and
again still being aware where I’m pointing the muzzle and keep my finger
off the trigger I accept this weapon system down and out of the way
fourth weapon system I’m going to talk a little bit about is a semi-automatic
rifle okay this is a depiction again of one that we commonly use them in law
enforcement and I need to know where all the controls are on this thing that will
allow me to show that it is unloaded prove it’s unloaded the first thing I’m
going to look at is the safety and I can see if it’s on safe on the right side of
this weapon because it has an indicator that points towards safe so I can look
and see the actual safety lever is on the opposite side of the weapon and I
can see that it’s pointing towards safe at this time now once I’ve done that
again it’s kind of like a semi-automatic handgun it’s got this thing in it this
box that feeds ammunition into it that’s called a magazine I want to be able to
remove that so I need to know where the control is to do that on this particular
weapon system the magazine release button is here just forward of the
trigger and trigger guard assembly on the right side of the receiver so I’m
going to press that button and remove that magazine and I can see that there’s
no ammunition I’m thinking I’m going to set it down on the side and out of the
way now I need to open this up there’s a couple of controls here that I need to
know where they’re located so that I can do that so I can get that accomplished
one is the charging handle which is up here on the back of the weapon that
retracts when I pull the charging handle it retracts the bolt back
and then I need to be able to lock the bolt open if I roll it over a little bit
I can show you the bolt catch here I’m going to push down on that is I pull the
charging handle to the rear to lock the bolt open so I can see inside the weapon
to make sure it’s clear so I lock that open alright push that back into place
now I can see I remove the magazine so the magazine well here is clear I’ve
locked the bolt of the rear the safety is on I can look down in the chamber and
visually inspect the chamber to make sure there’s no rounds in the chamber
and then again I can do my physical inspection to make sure there’s no
ammunition and the weapon as well so now I’m relatively secure in the fact that
these are unloaded however we still follow the four safety rules again treat
it like it’s loaded don’t point the muzzle not anything I’m not willing to
destroy keep my finger off the trigger unless I’m ready to shoot and then be
sure on my target and what’s beyond so that’s just that’s a brief rundown on
several common types of weapons the revolver the semi-automatic handgun the
pump shotgun and the semi-automatic rifle and that gives me the ability to
check and see whether these weapons are loaded and unloaded and if they are
loaded it would allow me to unload

2 thoughts on “Firearms #2: How to Make Sure Your Firearm is Unloaded

  1. the revolver you already got wrong, revolvers are safest with a top grip while holding the pistol grip, that way your thumb doesn't accidentally slip down onto the trigger, also turning a gun upside down with both hands on the bottom if discharged accidently will cause the gun to fly out of your hand which the top grip method avoids, so even if a accidental discharge happens your top hand absorbs the recoil and controls the muzzle.

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