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Fedorov Avtomat, The First Assault Rifle?


The Fedorov Avtomat – World War I The Fedorov Avtomat was a groundbreaking design that was ahead of its time. Developed by Captain Fedorov, first as a semi-automatic rifle, and then as a fully-automatic rifle, the Fedorov Avtomat was submitted to trials in 1913, and was finally adopted in 1916. The Fedorov Avtomat was a select fire, closed bolt rifle. It had a rate of fire of 400 rounds per minute, and weighed 9.7 pounds. It was chambered in the Japanese 6.5×50 Arisaka cartridge, which was plentiful, instead of its own specific cartridge as first proposed to cut down on development time. It was not deployed like a battle rifle or assault rifle as we would imagine today, but as a machine gun. It was issued to teams of a gunner and an ammo bearer. Due to Russia’s limited manufacturing abilities, the complex Fedorov Avtomat required hand fitting, so spare parts were few and far between, which meant that each weapon was only issued with one magazine. It had to load all 25 rounds via stripper clips. It was soon rushed into combat on the Romanian Front in 1917, just in time for the Kerensky Offensive. It was also issued to air crews in an attempt to replace other automatic weapons in use, such as the Chauchat. Accounts of its use were extremely positive, but in 1917 Russia dropped out of World War I, had a civil war ensued, making production difficult. It was used during the Russian Civil War by the Red Army, and production resumed after the communists came to power. Production continued until 1925 when the Red Army decided to stockpile all weapons that did not fire the standard domestic rifle round of 7.62×54 R. However, this was not the end of the Federov Avtomat usage. During the Winter War against Finland in 1939, the Red Army reintroduced the Federov Avtomat due to a lack of automatic weapons. It served well in the conflict but most if not all examples were scrapped by the Red Army after the war. In all, the Federov Avtomat was ahead of its time, and would have most likely contributed more to firearms development if political unrest and misfortune didn’t hinder its production and development. Very few Federov Avtomats have survived and only 3,200 were made. Some historians classify the weapon as the world’s first assault rifle, while others describe it as the assault rifle’s ancestor.

100 thoughts on “Fedorov Avtomat, The First Assault Rifle?

  1. Will y’all talk about Nathan Bedford Forrest??
    He was a southern Calvary hero that had black men ride for him

  2. its a battle rifle (an assault rifle that fires sniper ammunition kinda how a carbine is a submachine gun design for close range but uses assault rifle ammunition and how a PDW is an assault rifle design for longer ranges but it uses compact pistol ammo). not an assault rifle. first AR is the stg 43. the arisaka ammo is too big to be considered assault ammo its used in bolt action, battle rifles and marksmen rifles.

  3. its not an assault rifle, its battle rifle and light machine gun.

    assault rifles use intermediate cartridges.

  4. It doesn't meet the criterium for classification as an assault rifle.
    It uses a full power rifle cartridge instead of an intermediate cartridge,

  5. The first assault rifle was the StG 44 (sturmgewehr 44, literally translates to “assault rifle 44”) and automatic rifles (like the BAR) were squad support weapons, like LMGs or panzer Faust

  6. Very interesting. I never knew this assault rifle existed, especially at such an early age. Thank you, Simple History, for these videos.

  7. Fun fact, this gun is developed by a captured german "schmeisser" who also created the mp 40. silly russians ofc claim its theirs. basicly a german made gun.

  8. There's only one problem with this. AR doesn't mean Assault Rifle. It means Automatic Rifle but that excludes the AR-15 because AR in AR-15 means Armalite Rifle.

  9. Germany: MG Users will be supplied with assisstants.
    Russia: Rifle users will be supplied with ammo carriers.

  10. Ak 47
    I'm the first assault rifle

    Stg 44
    Not you. Me

    BAR1918
    No. You are only assault rifle. I'm the first automatic rifle

    Fedorov avtomat (oldman voice)
    what are you talking about kids?

  11. Would the BAR be considered an assault rifle then? It has selective fire and is accurate and shoots regular rifle rounds.

  12. Dear simple history, please dont be a victim of left leaning idiocy. There is no such thing as an assault rifle. The term was coined by Hitler. During WWII for one simple reason. Gun control and genocide. He used it as a scary term to frighten people into turning in their firearms so there would be less chance or less armed resistance when he began his grand plan. The term AR means ARmalite. AR15 means ARmalite model 15 and AR10 means ARmalite model 10. It doesnt mean assault or automatic rifle. Why people believe it means either of these terms boils down to one simple thing, stupidity and misinformation on behalf of the left.

  13. No, it wasn’t the first assault rifle. The 6×50 Arisaka cartridge isn’t intermediate, it is full powered.

  14. Communists always try to change history. It was not mass produced nor was it an "Assault Rifle". Which does not exist.

  15. I'd love to get the plans for this, take to a gun smith and tell them to make it with all modern materials. I imagine the paperwork for it would be a mess though.

  16. It's inaccurate to call the Fedorov the first Assault rifle the category itself was invented by the STG 44 where it was specifically developed as an Assault rifle that would use a specific mid range bullet to close the gap between a rifle and pistol round. The Federov is more like an automatic rifle like the BAR.

  17. Just to be clear, the Fedorov was not the first assault rifle to an American standpoint. The rifle only held 25 rounds in its magazine, making it 5 bullets short of being classified as an Assault Rifle.

  18. It’s not an Assault Rifle; it’s a Battle Rifle. This is why I don’t watch this pretentious joke of a channel. Nothing but a focus on getting views.

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