Articles, Blog

Egyptian Rifle Overview: Hakim, Rasheed, AKM

I’m Ian, and today we’re going to take a look at rifles
made in Egypt, specifically, military rifles made in Egypt. We have the Hakim, the Rasheed, an air rifle trainer
version of the Hakim, and of course an Egyptian AK. So, we’ll take a look at what the Egyptian
military has used over the last couple of decades, and explain how they work and why they’re interesting. So, to start with, let’s take a look at the Hakim. So the Hakim is a licensed copy of
the Swedish AG-42 Ljungman rifle. These are a direct gas impingement rifle, meaning that
gas is tapped off the barrel and runs directly to operate the bolt carrier. There’s no
piston or other mechanism involved. These were manufactured in the early 1950s.
The Egyptian government contracted with a Swedish manufacturing firm to help them set up the plant
in Egypt where these were going to be manufactured. And where the Swedes made them in 6.5 Swede, the Egyptian
Hakim rifle is actually manufactured in 8mm Mauser, which was the standard calibre of
the Egyptian armed forces at the time. So a few oddities of the Hakim. It has some elements of the early version of the
Ljungman, and some … elements of the late version. It has these small serrated pads like
the first variant of the Swedish rifle. A little bit difficult sometimes to get
a grip on, but you do also have the … stripper clip base here that
you can use to operate the gun. However, they do have a muzzle brake,
very much like the late version of the AG-42. The Egyptians also used a
manually adjustable gas system, so you could control the amount of
gas that was being directed to the action. This is important in Egypt because there are a
lot of conditions with sand and dust obviously, as well as generally poor quality of Egyptian ammunition,
made an adjustable system a real advantage for them. So, to take a look at how this works, this is actually a very cool cutaway gun that allows
us to see the entirety of the operating mechanism. So we have our barrel here. Out in front
is just a nut that holds on the front band. It looks like that’s a little mechanical,
it’s not, all it does is hold this on. Moving back, we have a gas port in the barrel and the gas
regulator. … There are 8 positions to this gas regulator. And the lowest one actually lets no gas at all
through, so that converts the rifle to single shot. Obviously we have a chamber, and then the
interesting parts of the gun back here in the action. Like the Ljungman, this has a tilting bolt, so the very back of the bolt here
drops down and locks in place when the rifle is in battery. And when … the bolt carrier
first moves back it unlocks the bolt, and lifts the back end of the
bolt up before cycling backwards. As with the Ljungman, the way you operate this is to pull the bolt cover forward. It will snap in place and lock itself to the bolt, which then allows us to pull the whole assembly back, and allows access to the magazine well.
These are fed by stripper clip through this guide. They did have detachable magazines, 10 round
capacity, but soldiers were not issued spare magazines. The magazine was detachable for maintenance
and cleaning and that sort of thing, reloading would be done by stripper clip. So this top tube is the port where the gas comes back to
operate the mechanism, and then we have the barrel below it. In order to … One other thing that the Egyptians did here
that the Swedes did not, is they put a cover, or a sort of a safety, on the magazine release. In order to … release the magazine you
have to open this up, and then push it forward to release the mag. That way, when you have the magazine in
and this locking lever all the way forward, you can’t accidentally bump it and drop the magazine.
Which is important when you only have one. So, in order to cycle the bolt forward,
we’ll put the gun in fire position. You simply pull the cover back against the
rear of the receiver, that will unlock the bolt, and spring tension will push it forward. You do need to be very careful with this gun,
as it will eat your thumb like nobody’s business. Like so. Our hammer is located right down
inside here. You can see it coming up, see the hammer operating right there.
That hits a two-piece firing pin. The front part does have a spring,
so it’s not a full floating firing pin. As with the Ljungman if you want
to open the bolt and keep it open, to reload or to do something else and not run the risk
of having it slam on your finger, put the rifle in safe. That will disengage the latch that
allows the bolt to detach from the cover. [Hakim air rifle trainer] So when the Egyptians decided to build the Hakim,
they also needed a trainer to go along with it. Because you don’t want to have the new recruits out
there blasting away 8mm before they know how to shoot. So they actually bought training air rifles made
to basically duplicate the handling of the Hakim. And these were actually manufactured by Anschutz, whom
we know of as a manufacturer of very high quality target rifles. This … looks quite a bit smaller than the Hakim, this is
actually weighted and weighs as much as a full-size rifle. This is very heavy for an air rifle,
you don’t expect it till you pick it up. But you can see it has a rear
block here that looks very much like the rear block of the Hakim. It doesn’t do
anything, it’s just there to duplicate handling. And the stock’s built the same way.
The way that these function, we have our piston here on the bottom, this cocks the gun, … and it also opens our loading port. You can
see this lever, what you do is drop a pellet in, (these are 4.5mm, which is .177
calibre, still a standard pellet size today), you drop a pellet in, and then push this lever back, which rotates your pellet into alignment with the
barrel and the air cylinder, and makes it ready to fire. Very simple. Once you fire and re-cock the
gun, it opens this back up for you automatically. So, these are a neat piece of history, not a whole lot more to say about them. No
real operating system to this, it’s just an air rifle. But you don’t see them around all that much. [Rasheed] So during the 1950s, during the Cold War, Egypt was
under the influence of the Soviet Union, the Eastern Bloc. They were very interested in arms development
that was going on in the Soviet Union. Egypt actually bought a number
of SKS rifles and Czech Vz.52 rifles, played around with them some, and decided that they
could manufacture something equivalent themselves since they already had this factory
put together to build Hakim rifles. What they came up with was the Rasheed. This has a lot of elements that
look very, very similar to the Hakim. Obviously this rear block,
bolt and dust cover arrangement. It has the same type of gas regulator, same action
(this is also a direct gas impingement design). Obviously you’ll recognise the
bayonet, straight off the SKS. And the one thing that the Egyptians had
realised by the time that they built the Rasheed was that this goofy operating system of pulling
the cover forward and back from the Hakim was not really the greatest idea out there. So when they went and
started building the Rasheed they put a typical bolt handle on it. No more of this connecting and linking
and snapping and thumb crushing going on. However, they maintained basically the
same design through the rest of the gun. So these rifles are chambered in 7.62x39mm, standard
Russian calibre. Same thing that you’d use in an SKS or an AK. They disassemble very much the same way. So again we have this magazine safety. These
guns were also issued with a single magazine and intended to be reloaded by stripper clip. So to remove the magazine we pull
this safety back, and then push forward, and the magazine can drop out. Our safety mechanism is once again
located on the very back of the receiver. Over to the left is fire, to the right is safe. And for disassembly we put it in the centre, and that allows us to pull out this rear block, which is basically
just a miniature version of the same thing from the Hakim. Our dust cover comes off
the back. You can see on this there is no longer any spring-loaded
hook to connect to the bolt carrier itself. All that’s in here it’s just a dust cover and a spring guide. Since we now have an even smaller
operating mechanism, we again have two springs nested one inside the other. There’s a recoil
guide in here that we saw, and there’s also a short … spring guide inside the spring here. This is
to prevent the spring from kinking or binding. Once we have the cover off, the bolt comes out the back, and this again is functionally identical
to the Hakim and the Ljungman. It’s a tilting bolt, again just like
the Tokarev rifle or the FN FAL. A cup in the front of the bolt carrier
catches gas from the gas port. And that’s about all there is to that. The only difference here is that we now have
this bolt handle to pull the bolt back and forth. This is non-reciprocating so you pull it back when you
want to run the gun, but when you’re firing it doesn’t move. Front end of the gun is identical to the Hakim. We have a multi-position gas regulator here,
with just a tube inside that runs to this point, provides gas directly from the barrel into the bolt carrier
and blows it back. It’s called direct gas impingement. Front of the gun we have a bayonet, derived right off the SKS. Not very many of these guns were made, about 6,000 total.
About 2,000 of those were imported into the United States, so they’re fairly rare here. But this is a real cool example of a gun
in 7.62×39 that isn’t around very much. And this is kind of the transition from
Egypt using the 8mm from early on, to their full-on basically membership of the
Eastern Bloc when they transition to AKs, so. [AK-47 / AKM] So finally, just like the Czechs didn’t use the Vz.52 very
much, the Egyptians didn’t use the Rasheed very much. They ended up transitioning to a basic AK. The Soviet Union provided a lot of assistance
in setting up the factory to manufacture these. Egyptian AKs actually were built on surplused
Russian tooling, so very high quality guns. They do have a fairly distinctive
buttstock on the folding guns. Other than that, the Egyptian AK is just like everybody
else’s AK, no functional differences, no modifications. And this ended up being a very effective
rifle for the Egyptian Army out in the desert. Really everyone who’s used an AK
pretty much anywhere likes it, so. So this is what Egypt went on
to use until, basically, to this day. So I hope you have enjoyed watching, learned
something about the history of Egyptian arms. I would like to think that with the
change in government over there we might see some more surplus of their
weapons, but I’m not going to count on it. I’m sure there’s some interesting stuff there, but I don’t expect we’ll ever be
able to see it unfortunately, so. Thanks for watching, and I hope you enjoyed it.

100 thoughts on “Egyptian Rifle Overview: Hakim, Rasheed, AKM

  1. Interesting to see how the egyptians decided to use a DI system on their rifle. Especially a system built like hakim.

  2. I wonder why Egypt picked the Ljungman to copy over the FN49. Especially since they already had FN49s when they started making Hakims.

  3. I saw a Hakim at a gun shop one day, and it took me about 10 minutes to figure out how to operate the bolt… I think everyone was staring at me.

  4. Swedish grammar nazis? lol.

    Loved the video. I need to try to pick up a Rasheed while there are still a few left to be had. I've only had my hands on two Hakim rifles and thankfully I was able to get one of them.

  5. The Hakim gets my vote for the rifle that should be forgotten. Huge, loud with awkward manual of arms. Traded mine and will never consider another.

  6. Good video. FYI, the reason for the adjustable gas system on the Hakim wasn't because of poor quality Egyptian ammo, it was because they had huge stockpiles of 8mm Mauser that was manufactured all over the place. They had a ton of left behind German stuff from WWII, plus Yugo, Romanian, Turkish, Persian, and they made their own too. Each type of ammo had different load values, Turk is much hotter than Yugo and the Yugo is hotter than Romanian, etc. So they needed to account for different loads.

  7. I was wondering, do the Ljungman/Hakim rifles spray much hot gas out of the action? Like, is there any danger of burns and such to the shooter?

  8. The Hakim is a great shooter and once you master the reloading process its a joy to shoot.It makes the 8×57 shoot softer and accurately. One must have a special tool to adjust the gas system. The Air Rifle trainer is very powerful and can make 100 yard shots is the seals are good. The Rasheed is an ok shooter but compared to an SKS or CZ 52/57 it is distant third..Parts break and there are none to be had. Generally Egypt made fine weapons. Very nice presentation.

  9. That air rifle is very similar in design and operation to a BSA one my grandfather owns, with the cocking lever and the port for the pellet.

  10. A slight chance, I suppose, but not much. The energy from the gas is pretty well expended by getting the bolt and carrier moving.

  11. Are rasheeds at all common. I think those would make range-toys, although I'm worried about how well typical 7.62×39 will work. I don't want to mix dirty powder and corrosive primers with a DI rifle.

  12. Wish you had included the FN-49, perhaps one on all the FN-49 Variants one day in the future would be a good episode.

  13. love the trainer concept. what other rifles have air rifle trainers like that? something like that would be a hoot to plink with.

  14. I just want to thank you for putting these videos up.

    I watched this video when it was first uploaded. Today I had my new girlfriend's father show me a Hakim, and I made him practically shit himself by correctly identifying it and telling him all about it.

    Thanks for helping me impress some parents 🙂

    Also, he's going to let me send 100 rounds through it on Saturday. I CAN'T WAIT

  15. this is a well made video and very respective of the pronunciation and knowledge, love your video my man, we need to see the good ol ak 47 and other soviet 50's to 90's weapons!!

    can we see also the iraqi tabuk and qadsiya rifle, famed in the iraq iran war and in many theaters of war

    great videos.

  16. I could of picked up an AKM a few years ago at a gun show for cheap and passed on it because I was worried about the quality from its home country, after seeing this I regret not getting it.

  17. At 4:33 you can se just above his fingers a C with a crown. But they tried to remove it. That part on THIS rifle was probably manufactured in Sweden or was taken from a swedish weapon or it is a swedish build weapon but they have customized it in Egypt. The C means Carl-Gustafs stad (Eskilstuna).

  18. Just got a rasheed. Cool looking gun, needs parts and i cant find anything for it. Anyone know where i can get parts?

  19. I own a Hakim & I love it & I will love it even more when I put on a German mg-13 or mg-15 20 round magazine on it. So thank you for this cool video LOVED IT!

  20. I just got a Rasheed , it still works.
    But I don't think it will get used a lot if what you guys say about breaking parts is true lol

  21. @Forgotten Weapons Hi there! If you skip the "L" (it's silenced), you'll have a very good pronounciation of Ljungman! =)

  22. I had the Ljungman & Hakim & an SKS had to hand them in during Australia's notorious 1996 Gun "Buy Back" :/ don't be fooled, the Government can't "Buy Back" something they never owned in the first place!
    If I had my time over again I would NEVER have handed them in.

  23. I thoroughly enjoy your channels, both Forgotten Weapons and In Range TV. I really enjoy both the historical and the engineering perspective you lend to the various firearms you showcase.

    This video discusses the Hakim and the Rasheed, but it excludes the 8mm FN49 which was also in service at about the same time. I would love to see you do a video on the FN49 series of rifles as well as some FAL torture testing on the In Range channel. Of the 2, the FN49 would be the more interesting.

    I have one, an Egyptian contract model in 8mm with a 20 round extended fixed magazine which appears to be military contract as well. Any knowledge of this?

    Thank you.

  24. Thank You I own one and love to shoot it.  You need to watch your fingers, but other then that a joy to shoot, and I have noticed that it is pretty good out to about 750 meters.  I used to shoot beer cans at that distance, and you could watch the actual bullet fly thru the air.  Awsome.

  25. I somehow like the Anschütz Air Rifle Trainer most 😉
    Reminds me of a "Wehrsportgewehr" a Grandfahter of a Buddy had.This Guy was realy cool he allowed us too shoot all his Air Rifles and the Flobert Guns too..for a Kid a 9mm Flobert is like a 50 cal ;)..specialy cause it looks so much bigger then a 22 ,)

  26. i have a hakim and rasheed and neither willl load properly?? i fired them full mags perfect. Then too apart and cleaned. now I cant get them to load properly or fire. Completly confused. The guy died so I cant ask him. Any suggestions?

  27. Ian, which is better a standard SKS variant, or the Egyptian Rasheed? in terms of reliability, durability, accuracy ect (if a standard variant which one?)

  28. The Hakim looks more like it was made by a bored engineer. It doesn't look very practical at all with what appear to be convoluted mechanisms.

  29. +forgotten weapons why are the rear sights always broken and where can you find stripper clips for the rasheed?

  30. I just picked up a Maadi and clicked on your channel to see what you thought of it. Your production standards sure have gotten better in the last five years.

  31. Had a chance to get a Hakim about a decade ago, bought an SVT-40 instead. Might still get a Hakim (or a Ljungman, if I can find one, I do like the 6.5 Swede cartridge!)

  32. Went searching just for this. Probably thirty years ago I was in a little local gun shop that did a lot of business in oddball used stuff. Saw the Hakim, I think he wanted $400 for it, so I snapped it up. He said he knew the name, that it was Egyptian, and that it took 8mm Mauser. After that it was up to me, took it to my buddy's house and spent the evening figuring out how to field strip it by trial and error. It's still one of my favorite rifles, and I eventually got its older uncle, the SVT-40. I just love the way those old military weapons look and function, very jealous of Ian's job.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *