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The U.S Air Force has tested an air-breathing
hypersonic engine whose thrust production beat all the previous engines of this type. The Air Force Research Laboratory ( AFRL)
announced this on on Aug 5, 2019, but did not disclose when the test was carried out. The scramjet engine is developed by Northrop
Grumman for AFRL. Pat Nolan, Northrop Grumman’s Vice President
for Missile Products said in a statement. “The series of tests on this fighter-engine
sized scramjet was truly remarkable. The scramjet successfully ran across a range
of hypersonic Mach numbers for unprecedented run times, demonstrating that our technology
is leading the way in delivering large scale hypersonic platforms to our warfighters.” This is an important development since the
U.S military is actively pursuing hypersonic technology and is virtually in a race with
Russia & China in this sector. In this video Defense Updates reports on the
successful test of highest thrust producing hypersonic scramjet engine by the U.S. Let’s get started. This video is sponsored by War Thunder, the
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bonus tank or aircraft and three days of premium account. An object is said to be hypersonic once they
exceed speeds of Mach 5 that is 5 times the speed of sound. This is about 1,715 meters per second or 3,836
mph or 6,174 km/h. There are currently two methods being applied
to make hypersonic weapons. First is using Hypersonic Glide Vehicle (HGV). In this method, the system is launched to
extremely high altitudes using Ballistic Missile or an aircraft where it skips across the Earth’s
upper atmosphere. The vehicle then separates from the carrier
and the scramjet engine takes over, accelerating it to hypersonic speeds as it glides back
to the earth towards its intended target. Second is using a Scramjet engine. The scramjet is an innovation on the Ramjet. Ramjet engine can power flight to supersonic
speeds but scramjet can enable the missiles to reach hypersonic speeds. These engines have no moving parts, like the
compressors and turbines used in the turbofan engines found on conventional jet planes. They rely on the huge pressures created by
fast airflow into the engine to ignite the fuel and generate thrust. In this method, a rocket booster is used to
accelerate the missile to hypersonic speed, then the scramjet engine kicks in and enable
the missile to fly at sustained hypersonic speed. The latest test is using scramjet methodology. As per reports, Air Force Research Laboratory
and Northrop Grumman have tested an 18-foot long fighter-engine sized scramjet engine. The test has been carried out for 9 months
and was conducted at the Arnold Engineering Development Complex’s (AEDC) Aerodynamic and
Propulsion Test Unit at Arnold Air Force Base in Tennessee. The engine ran for a total of 30 minutes across
an unspecified number of tests and was able to generate up to 13,000 pounds of thrust
under conditions in which it will experience speeds of above 4 Mach. It is important to note that the Air Force’s
statement described the engine running at ‘conditions above Mach 4’, though as explained
earlier – speed is considered hypersonic when it is 5 Mach and above. So, we can assume that during the whole tenure
of testing, some tests were carried out to replicate conditions of 5 Mach and above. Viewers may note that the 18-foot hypersonic
engine is similar in size to fighter jet engines and 13,000 pounds of thrust is much less compared
to traditional once. For example, 16 ft 11 inch Pratt & Whitney
F119 engine used in F 22 Raptor produces 35,000 pounds of thrust. So on paper, the test seems to be nothing
special. But the fact is that the scramjet engine is
designed to generate the thrust in extremely high altitude where the air is much thinner
and the conditions are extremely harsh. The engine, if used in conditions similar
to cruise altitude of a typical fighter jet will exceed the performance of current crop
of jet engines. To give the viewer a perspective, so that
the real stature of the achievement can be gauged, we can compare it with the Boeing’s
X-51A Waverider hypersonic test. SJY61 engine which powered the Waverider and
was being tested by AFRL between 2005 and 2013, produced a maximum of 1,000 pounds of
thrust. Countries like Russia, China, and the U.S
have been developing sophisticated layered air defense. These systems are difficult for traditional
aircraft & missiles to penetrate. For example, Russia has deployed S 400 air
defense system. S 400 Triumph is an anti-aircraft weapon system
developed by Russia’s Almaz Central Design Bureau in the 1990s as an upgrade of the S
300 family. it has been in service with the Russian armed
forces since 2007. It is designed to defend against aircraft
including 5th generation stealth fighters, bombers, AWACS, cruise missiles, and even
ballistic missile. S 400 can track hundreds of target at a time,
engage up to 36 targets in parallel and simultaneously launch 72 missiles. Russia is also working on S 500 which will
be even more potent. U.S fields several systems that are designed
to intercept ballistic as well as cruise missiles like THAAD or Terminal High Altitude Area
Defense which is designed to shoot down short, medium, and intermediate-range ballistic missiles
in their terminal phase. US Navy also has a large number of Ticonderoga
class and Arleigh burke class warships which have the Aegis combat system
Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense which is part of the Aegis combat system is devised to intercept
ballistic missiles post-boost phase and before reentry. It uses Standard Missile like SM3, SM6 to
shoot down incoming threats. On the surface, missile defense looks like
a defensive weaponry but it can disturb the MAD equilibrium. Mutually assured destruction (MAD) is a doctrine
of military strategy and national security policy in which a full-scale use of nuclear
weapons by two or more opposing sides would cause the complete annihilation of both the
attacker and the defender. It is based on the theory of deterrence, which
holds that the threat of using strong weapons against the enemy prevents the enemy’s use
of those same weapons. This balance will be disturbed if any country
is able to field a fully functional missile defense system that can defend against the
enemy’s missile. This is where hypersonic weapons come in. Their extreme speed and ability to fly in
unpredictable path give them a high probability of penetrating the air defenses. They will be very hard to track, let alone
intercept. It is to be noted that traditional ballistic
missiles also reach hypersonic speed when then descend on the target but they follow
a predictable predefined parabolic path which could lead to possible interception by anti-ballistic
missile defense systems. The characteristic of Hypersonic weapons makes
it suitable for neutralizing well-defended strategic military assets. These weapons may also have used in neutralizing
incoming enemy missiles, where they will be used as interceptors. Russia is leading the hypersonic weapons space
currently. It has claimed that it has already fielded
a Scramjet engine based hypersonic missile named Kinzhal and is very close to having
an operational hypersonic boost-glide vehicle named Avangard. The Kinzhal or Dagger was one of the weapons
the Russian president Vladimir Putin unveiled in his ‘state of the nation’ address last
year. Kinzhal reportedly has a range of approximately
1,250 miles or 2000 km and a top speed Mach 10, that is more than 10 times the speed of
sound. According to the Russian president, units
in the country’s Southern Military District, which borders Ukraine and the Black Sea, have
deployed the missiles operationally. China is thought to be pursuing hypersonic
weapons as well and has made some progress with Hypersonic Glide Vehicle (HGV) approach. The United States is working on both the approaches
for developing its hypersonic weapons and may have different working prototypes by 2021. It is evident that hypersonic weapons will
be one area that will see a lot of work in coming days and the nation that will be able
to operational deploy hypersonic weapons on different platforms will have an edge in future


  1. Russia had a head start because they never gave up their ambition of destroying the West, while the US put their technology in other fields. Now that Russia is publicly showing off their futuristic military assets, the US has to do so as well in order to keep the equilibrium (MAD) in order to keep peace. Of course this will cost lots of money, but the US has more than Russia. Russia will end up broke again and collapse.

  2. If they are showing us this then the things they do have are 20 years more advanced than what you see here,… or more.

  3. HAHAHAHh, moving fast, love this pro zionist video. More like playing catchup. Such a boring video I moved to watch real russian hypersonic weapons now in existence, much less bs and fakeness.

  4. The Russian Missile doesn't work it just blew up contaminating another swath of Russia and killing the scientists working on it

  5. Can person stand 5gs for long period no unless have the new top secret cockpit then can GPS be reliable at that speed probably not

  6. Too late boys. Anyway, who's gonna design that? Some poet from Princeton? All good students went back to India and China. What hurts most is US ego plummet. Remember, Russians cleaned Syria from "terrorists" in a few months while USA patted them softly for decade. When ISIL (read MOSAD) cut down those 3 buildings with 2 planes (David Copperfield is ashamed), that same ISIL was bad enough to jump into a 2 decade war against CIA CEO's poverty by increasing heroin base production in Afghan zone. Iraq was just a pitstop for refueling and some organ harvesting. Then Syria came into a focus. Suddenly, ISIL became "good" guys and started to cooperate with USA and MOSAD. How convenient, right? Thing is that none believes into a USA fairness or honesty anymore. Russians have brains, USA has brute force. What will happen to war machine when there's no more countries to invade and heist? Will USA war machine start to eat its own children? What goes around comes around some time. Is that time near? PS: It's Mach27 capable missile Russians have, USA is at Mach8.

  7. Hypersonic glide vehicles (as the Chinese weapon) do not have a scram jet engine. They are launched as ballistic payloads, and skip on the atmosphere and manoeuvre within the atmosphere, effectively acting as a hypersonic glider in the atmosphere.


  9. When the subject is expensive weapons of mass destruction to kill and maim mostly innocent civilians War Prone Americans are really the best.

  10. Same size as the tic-tac drone footage, the one where it swoops down the mountains. Still reckon that was some top secret test that was accidentally caught on film.

  11. why are there so many foreigners on our website talking about how much they hate America? like do you know how jealous you sound?let's not forget it was Russia who started the Cold War by trying to interfere in Baltic elections. right after the second world War and we are finishing it go USA 🇺🇸

  12. Given the vast margin between America's defense budget and the budget of any other country, the U.S. should have a significant weapons technology edge. Sadly this doesn't seem to be the case. Every American taxpayer would like to know why.

  13. Why not just base everything in space.The treaties seem irrelevant the missiles go thru space even if they start on earth.Space shuttle comming down moves about mach 36

  14. Russia doesn't want another arms race….. Then don't develop weapons like this n tease the U.S. Russia n China you don't have the biggest dick.You never will loose. I call on the The U.S the develop ludicrous speed(space balls)tech!!

  15. Lets stop the propaganda. The Russians are playing poker, with a bad hand. Bluffing. Hoping the other side will fold. Before some of you get uptight… think? How you perfect hypersonic technology… but can't field an engine for the Su-57 to work as advertised.😂😂

  16. Very poor photoshop attempt @9:55, the Russian stars are not in the correct orientation and proper perspective on the wings and the missile does not have convincing light reflection and shadowing nor is it perfectly mounted on the center line of the plane.

  17. Wow!!! so now they want to know something I've known since 1987! and first hypothesized in 1975 at the ripe old age of 5 years old when I created something and then tried to figure out how to distort it to be used in other applications! Mind blowing results!

  18. China will never win this race, or any other technology race. They have to wait until the US and Russia develop them, then they steal the technology.

  19. The U.S 1960’s technology…….. Sprint
    Sprint missile in flight
    Type Anti-ballistic missile
    Place of origin United States
    Service history
    In service 1972
    Production history
    Manufacturer Martin Marietta
    Mass 7,700 pounds (3,500 kg)
    Length 26.9 feet (8.20 m)
    Diameter 53 inches (1.35 m)
    Warhead W66 nuclear low kt
    1st stage: Hercules X-265 650,000 pounds-force (2,900 kN);
    2nd Stage: Hercules X-271
    Propellant Solid fuel
    25 miles (40 km)
    Flight ceiling 19 miles (30 km)
    Speed 12,250 kilometres per hour; 7,610 miles per hour; 3,403 metres per second (Mach 10)
    Radio command guidance
    The Sprint was a two-stage, solid-fuel anti-ballistic missile (ABM), armed with a W66 enhanced-radiation thermonuclear warhead used by the United States Army. It was designed to intercept incoming reentry vehicles (RV) after they had descended below an altitude of about 60 kilometres (37 miles), where the thickening air stripped away any decoys or radar reflectors and exposed the RV to observation by radar. As the RV would be travelling at about 5 miles (8.0 km) per second, Sprint had to have phenomenal performance to achieve an interception in the few seconds before the RV reached its target.

    Sprint accelerated at 100 g, reaching a speed of Mach 10 in 5 seconds. Such a high velocity at relatively low altitudes created skin temperatures up to 6,200 °F (3,430 °C), requiring an ablative shield to dissipate the heat.[1][2] The high temperature caused a plasma to form around the missile, requiring extremely powerful radio signals to reach it for guidance. The missile glowed bright white as it flew.

  20. The U.S. had dramatically slowed plans to to field hypersonic weapons believing it wasn’t an arms race the Russians or Chinese wanted to engage in. The Russians though plowed ahead which really wasn’t to their long term advantage. Whether or not Putin has actually deployed hypersonic missiles is anybody’s guess. The Chinese I firmly believe are full of crap. They will simply steal technology from both the U.S. and Russia. Still from a strategic standpoint, having conventional hypersonic weapons would probably be a more versatile weapon for U.S. forces. It’s extremely difficult to shoot down a traditional ICBM and nuclear warhead anyway, especially if it is an overwhelming attack.

  21. If there showing us this, means this is old we have passed this technology we have the most advanced technologies that will leave u thinking of alian literary

  22. Its simple, Russia is planning at an opportune time, to attack the US, and therefore they need to develop a system to kill our incoming missiles when that happens.

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